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Definition of radioactive dating in chemistry

Libby also knew that while most of this carbon is a common, stable form called carbon-12, a very small amount of the total carbon is radioactive carbon-14.

All plants absorb carbon during photosynthesis (the process in which plants use light energy to create food), and animals absorb this carbon by eating plants or eating other animals that ate plants.

Once the principle behind this method was discovered, however, it became possible to gather reliable information about the age of Earth and its rocks and fossils.

Radioactive dating was not possible until 1896, when the radioactive properties of uranium (a radioactive metallic element) were discovered by French physicist (a person specializing in the study of energy and matter), Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852–1908).

When a substance is described as radioactive, it means that at the subatomic (relating to parts of an atom) level, some parts of it are unstable.

Improvements have raised its accuracy to nearly 70,000 years, with an uncertainty of plus-or-minus 10 percent.[See also Fossil; Paleontology ] gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

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The technique of comparing the abundance ratio of a radioactive isotope to a reference isotope to determine the age of a material is called radioactive dating.

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